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Senin, 04 Oktober 2021

Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine goes to David Julius and Ardem Patapoutian for discovering receptors in human body - ABC News

The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine has been awarded to US scientists David Julius and Ardem Patapoutian.

They were cited for their discovery of receptors for temperature and touch.

The winners were announced on Monday by Thomas Perlmann, secretary-general of the Nobel committee.

Patrik Ernfors of the Nobel committee said Dr Julius used capsaicin, the active component in chilli, to identify the nerve sensors that allow the skin to respond to heat.

Dr Patapoutian found separate pressure-sensitive sensors in cells that respond to mechanical stimulation, he said.

"This really unlocks one of the secrets of nature," Mr Perlmann said.

"It's actually something that is crucial for our survival, so it's a very important and profound discovery."

Last year's prize went to three scientists who discovered the liver-ravaging hepatitis C virus, a breakthrough that led to cures for the deadly disease and tests to keep the scourge from spreading though blood banks.

The prestigious award comes with a gold medal and 10 million Swedish kronor (more than $1.6 million).

The prize money comes from a bequest left by the prize's creator, Swedish inventor Alfred Nobel, who died in 1895.

The prize is the first to be awarded this year, with prizes for outstanding work in physics, chemistry, literature, peace and economics coming over the next few days.

AP

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2021-10-04 10:24:41Z
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