Senin, 31 Mei 2021

China introduces three-child policy to alleviate problem of ageing population - ABC News

China's government has announced it is scrapping a policy limiting couples to two children and will now allow them to have three.

The change was approved during a Politburo meeting chaired by President Xi Jinping, according to official news agency Xinhua.

The government said the problem of an ageing populace was deepening and the change would help to improve the structure of China's population and maintain its advantage in human resources.

The policy change will come with "supportive measures, which will be conducive to improving our country's population structure, fulfilling the country's strategy of actively coping with an ageing population and maintaining the advantage, endowment of human resources", Xinhua said.

It did not specify the support measures.

The announcement drew a chilly response on Chinese social media, where many people said they could not afford to have even one or two children.

"I am willing to have three children if you give me 5 million yuan ($1.02 million)," one user posted on Weibo.

With 1.4 billion people, China is the world's most populous country, but by 2050 one in three of them are projected to be of retirement age.

In 2015, China scrapped its decades-old one-child policy — initially imposed to halt a population explosion — with a two-child limit, which failed to result in a sustained surge in births as the high cost of raising children in Chinese cities deterred many couples from starting families.

Earlier this month, China's once-in-a-decade census showed that the population grew at its slowest rate during the last decade since the 1950s, with data showing a fertility rate of 1.3 children per woman for 2020 alone, on par with ageing societies like Japan and Italy.

China's Politburo also announced it would phase in delays in the country's retirement ages but did not provide any details.


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2021-05-31 07:36:05Z

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