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Selasa, 03 November 2020

Your basic guide to the US election: When is it? Who will win? What happens next? - ABC News

The 2020 US presidential election is held on Wednesday, November 4, Australian time.

But if you haven't been following the campaign, or even if you've had the blinkers on when it comes to US politics entirely, this is for you.

From how it works to when it will all be decided, here is your basic guide to the US election.

When is the US election?

The election will be on Wednesday, November 4 Australian time.

Who is running?

Left: Donald Trump wears a red cap and speaks into a microphone. Right: Mike Pence smiles in front of a US flag
In the red corner we have Donald Trump and Mike Pence.(AP/Reuters)

President Donald Trump is seeking re-election alongside his Vice-President Mike Pence.

The pair represent the conservative Republican Party — AKA the GOP or Grand Old Party — and have been in office since 2016 when they won against Hillary Clinton and Tim Kaine.

Before winning the presidency Trump was a well-known businessman and TV personality, and Pence was the governor of Indiana.

Composite image of Biden and Kamala Harris speaking at events.
In the blue corner we have Joe Biden and Kamala Harris.(AP)

For the liberal Democrats, Joe Biden will be challenging Mr Trump for the presidency alongside his running mate Kamala Harris.

Before this election, Biden was the US vice-president under president Barack Obama. Harris is a senator from California and was the state's attorney-general — the first African-American and the first woman to hold that office.

How is the winner decided?

A US election isn't decided by a popular vote (like it is in Australia).

Instead, a US president is elected by gaining the most electoral college votes.

The college is made up of 538 formal electors, who each represent one vote.

Each state is allowed a certain number of electoral votes, based on its population.

It means that a candidate needs at least 270 electoral votes to win the election.

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Play Video. Duration: 5 minutes 23 seconds
Here's why the US election isn't determined by a popular vote

Who is going to win?

Who knows.

In 2016 opinion polls heavily favoured Clinton to win, but although she won the popular vote, Trump won the electoral college with 304 votes, compared to 227 for Clinton.

This year polling suggests Biden is favoured to win the popular vote, but Trump could certainly win again with electoral college votes.

Considering the polls proved wrong last time, they should be considered with a grain of salt.

When will we know the winner?

You can expect to see results start to come in from 10:00am Wednesday (AEDT) with most polling booths across the country closed by 1:00pm.

But with more mail-in ballots expected this year because of coronavirus, vote counting could take longer than usual, especially because states have different rules about whether mail-in ballots can be processed before election day.

It could take days or even weeks for all ballots to be counted and certified.

How many Americans vote in a US election?

Voting is not compulsory in the US like it is in Australia.

The Census Bureau estimated that in 2016 there were 245.5 million Americans aged 18 and older.

But only about 157.6 million of those reported being registered to vote.

In the 2016 US election, just 55 per cent of eligible Americans voted — a 20-year-low for a presidential election.

What happens once a winner is declared?

Each US state has until December 14 to settle any disputes over the election result.

Then on January 6 the House of Representatives and Senate will meet in Congress for a final count of electoral votes before certifying the winner.

And on January 20 the new or incumbent US president will be inaugurated in a ceremony at the Capitol building in Washington DC.

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https://news.google.com/__i/rss/rd/articles/CBMiWGh0dHBzOi8vd3d3LmFiYy5uZXQuYXUvbmV3cy8yMDIwLTExLTAzL3VzLWVsZWN0aW9uLTIwMjAtdHJ1bXAtYmlkZW4tYmFzaWMtZ3VpZGUvMTI4MjcyODbSASdodHRwczovL2FtcC5hYmMubmV0LmF1L2FydGljbGUvMTI4MjcyODY?oc=5

2020-11-03 10:02:00Z
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